If you’re a landlord, chances are you’re responsible for the maintenance of your rental property’s septic system. While septic tanks may seem like a mystery to some, they’re actually relatively simple systems that just require a little bit of regular TLC.
What is a septic tank?
A septic tank is a watertight chamber that is typically made of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic. It is used to treat wastewater from your home or business by removing solid matter and bacteria. Septic tanks are usually installed underground and can range in size from 500 to 5,000 gallons.
How does a septic tank work?
Septic tanks work by using the natural process of anaerobic digestion to break down solid waste and bacteria.
This process occurs when oxygen is absent, which allows methane-producing bacteria to thrive. The bacteria break down the solid waste into methane gas and carbon dioxide, which is then released into the atmosphere.
The treated wastewater is then discharged into a leach field, also known as a seepage field, where it is further purified by soil bacteria. These bacteria remove any remaining impurities from the water before it is eventually returned to the groundwater supply.
It is important to note that septic tanks only treat wastewater – they do not remove contaminants such as pesticides, oils, or heavy metals.
Therefore, it is important to only put biodegradable materials down your drains and to avoid using harmful chemicals in your home or business.
How to maintain your septic tank
There are a few things you can do to maintain your septic tank and prevent it from failing, including:
- Have your septic tank inspected by a professional.
- Pump your septic tank every 3-5 years to remove solid waste and bacteria.
- Repair any leaks in your septic tank or leach field immediately.
- Avoid using harmful chemicals in your home or business.
- Educate yourself on proper septic tank maintenance and follow all best practices.
By following these tips, you can help ensure that your septic tank will function properly for many years to come.